The damage that happens to an infant by the use of some mechanical tools during childbirth is called birth injury. Infants don’t have strong bones, and strong structure, as a fact at the time of birth the number of bones is over 300. Tissues and organs of the infant are damaged by the use different tools used during the childbirth. This is accompanied by the impairment in the blood circulation and functioning of an organ. Most frequent birth injuries include damage to skull, damage to the brain and damage to the spinal cord. One even has the right to file a lawsuit against doctor if their negligence has caused any problem to the child. Usually the doctors use forceps or the vacuum suction tools during childbirth which causes these fractures and other damages to the infant. The most common type of birth injuries are:
1. CEREBAL PALSY:
As one possible result from such injury of the brain can become the reason of partial or complete loss of movement, problems related to hearing and vision. Ones intellectuality may be affected leading to behavioural problems and difficulty in learning and understanding things. Some issues can be the reason of the injuries that can affect the brain. Some examples are following.
Injury from the use of forceps, vent house delivery
Mismanagement of the delivery of a larger baby
Mismanagement in case of the delivery of the baby who has not grown enough during the pregnancy
Inadequate supervision if the high blood pressure in the infant’s mother
Not recognizing the problems which the infant is born with
2. ERB’s PALSY:
It is the paralysis of the arm done by damage to the nerve that involves in the movement of the arm. It depends on the nature of that damage whether the injury can be cured or can get worse. It can also cause disabilities in the infant. Such carelessness can be the end with the child’s permanent paralysis. It may result involving no one’s fault, but some of the common factors arising through the negligence in the treatment are Shoulder dystopia, in which the infant’s shoulder becomes locked behind the pelvis of the mother during the childbirth. During the procedure in solving, it may result in ERB’s palsy. Any force upon the shoulder like excess in the pulling can damage the nerves, which can damage the supply to the arm.
3. HIP DYSPLASIA:
It is the dislocation of the leg. It is can be there at the time of birth, or it can arise at a later stage. Usually doctors have to check the child for hip dysphasia. They check the infant after 6 or 8 weeks for any signs for hip problem and any negligence in recognizing the problem after it has been found can create permanent disabilities for infant. Child should be monitored regularly by the doctors. The earlier it is diagnosed, faster it will be treated. In any case, if it missed and mistreated. A very much complicated surgery would be required to cure it.